مبادرة مسارات

التعلم عن بعد - Online Learning

Online Learning Strategies: A Practical Guide for Teachers and Students to Enhance E-Learning

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Teaching is one of the noblest and most beneficial professions throughout history, inspiring immense knowledge and advancement in learners. Recognizing the significance of the educational process, this article discusses the top five online learning strategies:

 

Problem-Solving Strategy

 This approach helps students develop creative and critical thinking skills, enhances teamwork, and simplifies complex problems into smaller, manageable tasks.

 

Implementation steps include:

    • Clearly identifying and analyzing the problem.
    • Gathering sufficient information about the problem and devising solutions.
    • Making a decision, implementing the solution, and monitoring and evaluating the results.

The teacher’s role involves:

    • Stimulating students through thought-provoking questions and engaging them in discussions.
    • Guiding students in information gathering and data analysis.
    • Evaluating student performance and providing guidance for future improvement.

 

The importance of this strategy lies in incorporating scientific concepts that enhance the student’s knowledge base, develop scientific thinking, and foster adaptability and engagement during online lessons.

 

Concept Mapping Strategy

 This method displays a network of related concepts, arranged hierarchically from the most comprehensive to the more specific.

 

Concept maps consist of:

    • Main concepts.
    • Sub-concepts.
    • Linking words.

 

This strategy is beneficial as it helps students organize knowledge and connect information, fostering creativity, reflective thinking, and academic achievement in an online environment.

 

Remote Brainstorming Strategy

 This method generates a plethora of ideas, which are then collected and evaluated to identify the most innovative and practical solutions to a specific problem. This is facilitated by new programs and technologies allowing participants to express their ideas smoothly in an online setting.

 

Remote brainstorming involves several stages:

    • Defining the scope: Setting the session’s goals, expected outcomes, and duration, preferably not exceeding an hour.
    • Keeping participants focused: Facilitating collaboration and making them feel part of the online conversation.
    • Concluding the session: Requesting ideas or summaries and thanking the team for their participation.

 

Self-Directed Learning Strategy

This method allows each learner to independently explore and learn, based on their capabilities and experiences, to achieve academic excellence in an online setting.

 

Steps include:

    • Defining the goal: Asking oneself what they want from the process.
    • Creating a timetable: Including deadlines and learning tasks.
    • Reviewing information: Beneficial for noting new insights and retaining previous information.
    • Experimenting with different online learning forms: Trying various self-learning tools and choosing the suitable one.

 

Examples include reading e-books and articles, watching educational videos, attending online training courses, and listening to audio content. Each individual has a learning style that suits their personality, which they need to discover.

 

    • Taking short breaks to enhance focus.
    • Engaging with other online self-learners for exchanging comments, suggestions, tips, and motivation.

 

The teacher’s role in self-directed learning is to provide online support and motivation, suggest a guidance plan, assess the learner’s level, propose improvements, and recommend reliable and important digital educational resources.

Exploratory Learning Method

 This method positions the learner as a researcher in the online world, discovering ideas and solutions, fostering satisfaction and the desire to continue learning.

There are two types of discovery:

    • Guided discovery: The teacher provides online steps for research and knowledge acquisition.
    • Free discovery: The learner has the freedom to plan and proceed with the experiment in the online space.

 

Steps or discovery learning include:

    • Presenting the problem: The teacher presents it as an intriguing online question, considering the students’ knowledge levels.
    • Gathering information: Through online dialogue, discussion, or using digital libraries and the internet.
    • Formulating hypotheses to explain the phenomenon.
    • Verifying hypotheses through online discussion and experimentation, if possible.
    • reach the result: and applying the solution that has been reached.

 

“These five strategies are particularly relevant in this era where the teacher cannot provide complete information alone.” Teachers must use educational technologies and methods to convey information using new knowledge techniques in the online domain.

 

At Masarat Initiative, we strive to support teachers in innovating educational approaches that align with the sustainable standards and goals of the educational process in an online context. We ensure this through the support and funding of the initiative to enhance its digital capabilities. Every contribution to Masarat Initiative is a part in facilitating the access of knowledge to learners through online means.

 

Author: Nada Mohammed Ali, Volunteer in the Student Affairs Department at Masarat Initiative

 

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